A History of the Whoniverse

The Mid to Late Twenty-first Century (2020-2100)

c. 2020

The Silurians entombed at Wenley Moor awaken.

[They go back into 'deep freeze' for fifty years at the end of The Silurians.]

c. 2020

Tegan Jovanka leaves the Shawlands mental institution.

[It seems to be shortly before she met William in More Short Trips: Good Companions.]

c. 2023

Tegan Jovanka marries Dr William Haybourne.

[Ten years before More Short Trips: Good Companions.]

2024

Humans develop their first plasma rifle.

[First Frontier.]

2030

The Doctor, Ace, and Benny pick up a message at UNIT HQ left by Cristián Alvarez 37 years before.

[The Left Handed Hummingbird.]

c. 2030

There is a [brief] war involving Norway. Tower Hamlets is one of several bits of London lost in this war.

[Decalog 4: Second Chances (page 12). This is an approximate date, which allows Jack and Billy Forrester's grandfather to have lived in Nelson Mandela house before this war.]

c. 2030

By this stage, technology had again advanced. There were devices enabling cars to do most of the work of driving. Computers routinely understood verbal commands. Microchips in the back of the neck were available as an alternative to the traditional passport. 3-D TV was widespread. Alzheimer's Disease was now curable. In addition, smoking had dramatically decreased [in the west] thanks to effective public health campaigns [together with deaths of smokers]. Passenger Airliners were still in use, despite having been superseded (in some cases) by rockets.

[This is the technical background to Warchild. The rockets are from The Enemy of the World.]

c. 2030

In addition to this, the British railways had been renationalised and people complained about what had happened to them. Boy racers were allowed easier access to motorways.

[This is mentioned in More Short Trips: Good Companions.]

August 2031

WARCHILD

London declares a state of emergency as dog packs under the control of a dog known as the "White King" have been attacking people. Reports of the emergency are restricted.

[Justine was in the early stages of pregnancy with Ricky in Warlock and Ricky is now fifteen. It is August.]

2033

MORE SHORT TRIPS: GOOD COMPANIONS

Tegan meets a future incarnation of the Doctor.

[Tegan is 73. It is half a century since she last saw Aunt Vanessa.]

c. 2033

Humanity develops T-Mat, a system of instantaneous travel. Over the next decade, T-Mat makes conventional space travel obsolete. Before this, there had been regular passenger modules travelling between Earth and the Moon.

[T-Mat has been around for years and has been around long enough to make advocates of rocket travel look eccentric. Thus, it's probably been around for about a decade.]

c. 2033

[The Ice Warriors had been observing events on Earth. They believed that T-Mat and weather control would allow humanity to terraform Mars. As Mars was limited in resources, they believed that to prevent this possibility, they would have to act now. They began drawing up plans for pre-emptive strikes on Earth.]

[This is speculation based on The Seeds of Death and the Thousand-Day War mentioned in Transit.]

2034

Professor Philip Yarrow is appointed Head of Technical Sciences at Manchester University.

[According to Heritage page 127.]

2037

During the Wars of Independence, the city of Phoenix, Arizona, is destroyed and turned into a dustbowl. This is later blamed on a Tesla bomb planted by breakaway Southern states. The survivors and their descendants would live in trailer parks near the city for decades after its destruction.

[This was in '37 according to page 67 of Alien Bodies, which tells the story from the point of view of someone in 2069.]

c. 2037

On Earth, [small] groups [of extremists] such as the Pull Back To Earth movement opposed the new interest in space travel. They began a [limited] terrorist campaign against colonising other worlds. [Amongst scientists, a new religion called] the Earth School Of Parapsychology was founded. Based in an area known as The City, it schooled children in logic and memory. [Amongst the school's beliefs was a rejection of all non-essential history.] Another group of humans developed psychotropic drugs to prevent mind control. Astronauts were fitted with Silenski capsules to detect outside influences. Meanwhile, jet helicopters had become the principal form of transport on Earth.

[This is the background to The Wheel in Space. Helicopters are mentioned in The Wheel in Space, and by Zoe in The Invasion. In Just War, Benny claims that they were the principal form of transport at the time.]

c. 2037

THE WHEEL IN SPACE

A group of Cybermen captured a Phoenix IV rocket and used it to infiltrate the space station W5. They intended to use it as a radio beacon for their nearby fleet. Their attack was repulsed, despite the mental instability of the base's commander Jarvis Bennett.

[In The Invasion, the Brigadier says that Zoe was born in the 21st Century and is 19 or so (thus we have a date of 2020-2120). In The Mind Robber, she recognises the Karkus, a comic strip character from 2000. However, this story is definitely not set then, as she needs to confirm that the Doctor has been there. Presumably, she's seen reprints or the year 2000 is the setting or the year the strip began, rather than the year of publication. T-Mat (The Seeds of Death) has been invented by Short Trips: Companions: The Tip of the Mind - a few years after Zoe's time. The Wheel's advance weather-reporting function could indicate either that this is before the Gravitron (The Moonbase, or that the Gravitron needs advance information to compensate for solar flares. On the other hand, Short Trips and Side Steps: Shut the Gate suggests that humans have colonised Mars by this point - making it after the 1000-day War. This would make Zoe's ignorance of the Martians in The Seeds of Death practically impossible.]

[ The Cybermen look more like The Invasion Cybermen than the Moonbase Cybermen do. Thus, it is probably before The Moonbase. Jean-Marc L'officier's Program Guide, Terrestrial Index and Universal Databank give the dates 1999-2000, c. 2020 and 2030 respectively. DWM has suggested 2074. David Banks' Cybermen went for 2028. Lance Parkin's A History of the Universe went for 2068. Other chronologies I've come across have suggested 2120 (30 years after its date for The Seeds of Death) and 2098 (no reason given). A date between 2050 and 2070 would work well, however I've chosen to put this in the 2030s to fit in with the Cyber-Incursions of the 2030s mentioned several times in Alien Bodies.]

c. 2037

After this, there were several more Cyberman attacks on the population of Earth. These attacks were repelled by UNISYC and were public knowledge. Most of those UNISYC personnel who left the organisation after this ended up either leading religious cults in LA or seeing aliens everywhere.

[According to Alien Bodies. The ex-UNISYC details are from page 40, the rest is patching together the picture given from the rest of the book.]

c. 2037

Zoe Heriot plays a role in the tidy-up aboard W3. Records of these events are only available for those with security clearance alpha. At some point, she completes a piece on nova star predominance.

[According to Short Trips: Companions: The Tip of the Mind pages 7-8. It is unclear whether the piece on nova star predominance was before her time with the Doctor, between that and joining the UrtiCorp Project, or during her early days on the project. It is only dated as "some years back."]

c. 2037

The UrtiCorp Project begins. For the next six years, it will have flat funding, a flat headcount, and zero attrition for at least the next six years.

[Six years before Short Trips: Companions: The Tip of the Mind.]

2038

The World Zones Accord is signed by Whiteacre. It makes the UN into a joke.

[According to page 68 of Alien Bodies.]

c. 2040

The Second Doctor [together with Ben and Polly] visited the Draconian Empire, curing a great plague. The 15th Emperor proclaimed him a noble of the Draconian Empire. He was the first being of his skin tone that the Draconians had ever seen, and an accurate portrait of him was painted. It was probably then that he became known as Karshtakavaar, the oncoming storm.

[The visit was mentioned in Frontier in Space, when it is supposed to have been about 500 years beforehand. The painting and skin tone are mentioned in The Dark Path, where the events are said to be 1000 years before. The name Karshtakavaar is first mentioned in Love and War. It is referred to on several subsequent occasions.]

c. 2040

Zoe Heriot joins the UrtiCorp Project. During that same year, the project acquires a polyphase analyser.

[Three Years before Short Trips: Companions: The Tip of the Mind page 8.]

2041

[Womanuscripts: 21st Century Female Fiction is published. It includes the story of Tegan's encounter with a future Doctor and his companion Anna.

[More Short Trips: Good Companions.]

2040s

Events in Haiti occur that will lead to Voodoo being banned in most places on Earth.

[According to page 124 of Alien Bodies.]

2042

Kathleen Bregman is born.

[She is 27 by page 8 of Alien Bodies.]

c. 2043

SHORT TRIPS: COMPANIONS: TIP OF THE MIND

Doctor John Smith visits the Urticorp Project on XZ49.

[Zoe has been on the project for three years (page 8), though it's unclear how long elapsed between her being returned to her own time following The Wheel in Space and her joining this project. Director Sheerstock's comments about Zoe's recent history suggests that some time has elapsed.]

c. 2043

THE SEEDS OF DEATH

Ice Warriors attack a vital T-Mat relay centre on the Moon. They then prepare to use Martian SeedPods to "Mars-form" the Earth. They are defeated when artificial rain destroys the pods and a solar energy weapon is used to destroy the Martian force on the Moon. Eventually, the Martian Invasion Fleet is lured into the Sun.

[This story is very difficult to date. According to the Doctor, Eldred's rocket is a product of the 21st century. As it's only a prototype at this stage, we have a date in the range 2000-2099. Eldred's age and the fact that his father developed a lunar passenger module put it at least two generations after space travel. T-Mat has been around for years, possibly in the region of a decade. The Weather Control Bureau sets it after 2016 (when Salamander developed weather control). The bureau is on Earth - so it's before 2050, when the graviton is invented, or after 2070 if the graviton then became obsolete. Man has not travelled beyond Earth. [They obviously don't count brief trips such as the Mars Probes from The Ambassadors of Death and The Dying Days or to Jupiter in The Android Invasion.]

[It has to be before the Thousand Day War (2086) mentioned in Transit, as the Ice Warriors leave Mars at the end of the war. T-Mat has been invented by Short Trips Companions: The Tip of the Mind, so it cannot be too long after The Wheel in Space. It can't be between 2068 & 2096, because Galactic Salvage and Insurance (Nightmare of Eden) are operating then and this would be impossible if T-Mat replaced space travel. As 4 years seems too short a time for ion rockets to explore the solar system, as stated in The Mutants, it cannot be after then. Lucifer Rising places this story about 2090. The bulk of evidence seems to suggest 2016-2050. T-Mat isn't mentioned in Warchild (c.2030), suggesting that it was after that date. Thus, we should probably place this story sometime in the 2040s. The exact date is arbitrary.]

c. 2043

[Immediately afterwards, the Martian Grand Marshall contacted humanity to claim that Slaar's forces had been acting outside of his control. The World Zones Authority accepted this statement gladly, knowing that there was no way they could wage war on Mars at that time, because they had very few spacecraft capable of reaching Mars and T-Mat required ready-constructed receiving equipment.]

Following these events, there was a huge public reaction against T-Mat. Its huge cost ruled out conventional space travel. It had been very publicly demonstrated that T-Mat was vulnerable to outside attack. Whilst there were still large numbers of T-Mat enthusiasts. Earth Government abandoned T-Mat as a travel system.

[This is an attempt to tie up the loose ends of The Seeds of Death. It explains why there is not an immediate war between Earth and Mars, and why we don't see T-Mat in other 21st century stories.]

c. 2043

Newly revitalised, space travellers took on the plans hatched during the clean up earlier in the century. International Space Control was [re-established] in Geneva. Rockets now only took a couple of hours to travel between Earth and the Moon. Ion Jet Rockets [began extensive] exploration of the Solar System.

[This is the background to The Moonbase]

c. 2043

POWER OF THE DALEKS

The human colony on Vulcan discovers a 200 year-old crashed spaceship, which turns out to be full of Daleks. The Dalek attempt to take over the colony is thwarted by a mysterious visitor.

[There is no on-screen date. Two dates have become associated with this story. The date 2020 was used in contemporary publicity. This date, however, seems far too early for a human colony, even if (as some propose) Vulcan were in the solar system. The Terrestrial Index has a complicated way of suggesting the year is 2220, but that the colony calendar said 2020. War of the Daleks implies that these Daleks arrived from the far future, which is why they recognise the second Doctor. The Murder Game claims that Vulcan is practically a legend. Whatever the time, the colonists don't recognise the Daleks and do have contact with Earth - so it's before 2157. If it weren't for The Murder Game, I'd place it just before the invasion, but as it is, it has to be 21st century, possibly in the middle of the century, and the colony disappeared at some point (soon) after this.]

2044

Wanlek Ackman's book The Absurdity of Performance is published.

[We see an extract on page 246 of Theatre of War.]

2045

Professor Ottobrand of the Dubrovnik Institute of New Sciences hypothesises Psychotronic conditioning. It combines mesmeric trance techniques with aggressive implantation of images and related experiences.

[According to K9 in The Well Mannered War Chapter 8, page 16.]

2046

The Doctor visits the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

[This was 50 years after Decalog 3: UNITed we Fall (1996), according to page 132.]

2049

Borneo is turned into the East Indies ReVit Zone. by a local government with an obsessive environmental streak.

[This was twenty years before page 9 of Alien Bodies.]

July 2049

Issue 428 of Theatre Today contains an article by Haga Nodena entitled The Techniques of the Actor.

[We see an extract on page 197 of Theatre of War]

2050

The Gravitron is built on the moon by the Butler Institute. It may have been based on Silurian technology.

[The Moonbase and Deceit. The Silurians have a Gravitron in Blood Heat, though they must have originally developed the technology without taking the moon's effects into account.]

c. 2050

Domesticated wolves are re-introduced into various Northern European forests [as part of the big clean up]. There are rumours that the Wicca Society has released wild wolves, leading to widespread debate about which strain would become dominant.

[According to Transit page 134, this was 'the middle of the last century' - so somewhere around 2050.]

c. 2050

An ill-fated attempt was made to amalgamate the world's religions [by the liberal wings of these religions]. It soon collapsed [due to the obvious fact that they all contradict each other. This amalgamation attempt was completely ignored by the vast majority of followers of most of the religions involved, who continued to believe their faith was the only way to heaven, or the equivalent concept.] The chapter of St. Anthony was [one of a number of cults] formed to fill the void left among adherents of this new, weak, religion. When Hong Kong took over China, the Yong family joined the chapter in a new crusade to purge the heathens.

[St. Anthony's Fire. I have attempted to explain how such a nonsensical idea as trying to merge world religions could have possibly been proposed. I can't see how Hong Kong (a single city) could ever be in a position to take over China (a massive country).]

c. 2053

Sandra Urtiman gets third prize, and is highly commended at the Drazah Institute.

[A decade before Short Trips: Companions: The Tip of the Mind page 8.]

2054

The Montana Republican Militia use thermosystronic weapons to attempt to take over Canada. UNISYC forces including Tchike and Kortez attempt to capture the thermosystron bombs under orders from the innermost circles of the World Zones Authority, but the Doctor intervenes and blows them all up. In the year after this, Sergeant Kortez will spend a year in India on a spiritual discovery mission. He will turn to Zen Buddhism in order to cope with his encounter with Selachians.

[As mentioned and dated in Alien Bodies, pages 7-8 and 12-13. However it is implied that this was only nine years before the bulk of the book on page 17.]

2054

The Hourly Telepress smuggles out footage of the Toy Store, a secret American base which holds captured extraterrestrial artefacts.

[Dated as '54 by Brigadier Renault on page 71 of Alien Bodies.]

2050s

Human scientists develop "Summerset's leopard",a genetically enhanced panther. They will be used as guard dogs by the very rich and become quite a status symbol in Japan.

[This is dated to the 2050s on page 39 of Alien Bodies.]

2056

Professor Philip Yarrow ceases to be Head of Technical Sciences at Manchester University.

[According to Heritage page 127. The reason is not given.]

2050s

By this time, computer technology had advanced significantly. It was now possible, though expensive, to implant neuralware into a human brain and enable humans to link into a datanet without a physical connection. [This did, however, cause certain problems. The connection involved receivers at the computer end that had a limited range. It also made computer security much more difficult to maintain. There were also concerns raised about the long-term health impact of the technology.] The technology was used primarily for physical interfaces, such as external repairs to space stations and guiding advanced missiles.

[Decalog 4: Second Chances. I have suggested some reasons why this kind of computer interface never became widespread enough to appear in other, later, stories.]

2059

The Mandela leaves Earth with 100,000 African colonists in suspended animation.

[Decalog 4: Heritage (page 105).]

2060

Kathlen Bregman joins UNISYC.

[She has been in UNISYC for nine of her 27 years by page 8. Over the next nine years, she will only see an alien in UNISYC's Big Green Museum.]

2064

General Tchike erases all records of the Doctor from UN files. Within five years, nobody below the rank of Brigadier woill even know that the Doctor exists.

[He says that this was five years ago (from 2069) on page 74 of Alien Bodies.]

c. 2065

DECALOG 4: SECOND CHANCES

Jack Forrester is killed by a Neural Stunner on Pellucidar Station in the L4 cluster. Soon afterwards, a maintenance drone goes missing.

[The Mandela colony ship left in 2059 (Decalog 4: Heritage - page 105), which was only a few years previously. On the other hand, there are standing orders about how to treat spontaneously generated AIs. This would appear to place it after FLORANCE went public in Transit (2109), but they were probably drafted in response to WOTAN, BOSS, and possibly some other similar systems. Jack's grandfather lived in Nelson Mandela House - Tower Hamlets.]

August 2067

SHORT TRIPS: STOP THE PIGEON

Howard Chithros claims to turn back the hands of time. He produces babies genetically identical to several disappeared Octogenarians. The collapse of his scheme causes a national scandal.

[The date is given on page 84. This story is difficult to reconcile with the Master's account of what happened to him after Survival in First Frontier.]

2068

Galactic Salvage and Insurance is set up in London [in response to a growing market for space travel].

[Nightmare of Eden.]

2068

When the great human expansion into space happened, a traveller called Fox stole a ship in dock for repairs and took it as far into hyperspace as he could. He and his people landed on Arcturus 6 and busked for their supper before official first contact between the two races. The travellers continued moving through space, living at the frontiers of human space.

[Love and War page 39. This has to be before the Arcturan Treaty of 2085 mentioned in The Dying Days.]

26th March 2069

The relic crashes into Earth's atmosphere near the Phoenix Sandbowl. The next day, Colonel Kortez uses an MI7 microcamera to take pictures of government security agents at the crash site. The pictures it takes will end up in the hands of UNISYC at some point in the following month.

[This is dated on pages 68-69]

April 2069

ALIEN BODIES: UNISYC'S STORY

A UNISYC Conclave examines Colonel Kortez's pictures from the crash site, having received an invitation that hints at what the relic is.

[This is dated on page 68.]

2069

ALIEN BODIES

General Tchike and the Doctor play chess. During the match, Tchike tries to assassinate the Doctor but he escapes. At the same time, Mr Qixotl holds an auction on Earth, with the prize of the Relic - supposedly the Doctor's body. Bidders include UNISYC, the Time Lords, Faction Paradox, the Celestis, and the enemy. The arrival of what was supposed to be the Daleks' ship sends shockwaves through the psychic aura of the eastern hemisphere, causing those in India and Malaysia to see disturbing patterns in the static of their TV sets, forcing images of impossible machines into the minds of research scientists, and New Agers to experience visions of crystal planets which they would put down to something in the water. The auction site is subsequently attacked by Kroton spaceships travelling through a time corridor, before they disappear. At the end of the auction, the Unthinkable City, in which the auction has taken place, briefly appears to the inhabitants of the East Indies ReVit Zone, which subsequently has an infestation of Leopards.

[The main story is not dated, but it is almost certainly in the same year as the UNISYC segment.]

c. 2069

The Hotel Galaxian is built to be the first tourist attraction in space. It is vaguely spherical in shape, and the shuttle fee is relatively modest. It receives international commendations for its design and engineering, and awards from the corporate sector. It is a popular venue for international business meetings.

[According to The Murder Game pages 9-10. Its early years are said to have been when interstellar travel was expensive and there was nowhere much to go. I place its construction a bit earlier than that era.]

25th December 2069

SHORT TRIPS COMPANIONS: THE LITTLE DRUMMER BOY

The TARDIS briefly lands in a small Sussex village on Christmas day.

[This is dated on page 154.]

2070

About this time, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York was torn down.

[Nearly 75 years after Decalog 3:UNITed we fall (1996).]

16th July 2070

The Doctor and General Tchike have an appointment to play chess on this date.

[According to Tchike on page 19 of Alien Bodies this is "next year".]

c. 2070

The Sontarans ventured onto Earth's side of the Coal Sack at about this time.

[According to Karne, the last time this happened was three hundred years before Lords of the Storm (2371).]

c. 2070

THE MOONBASE

The moonbase containing the Gravitron was hit by a space plague. It was placed in quarantine shortly before the Cybermen attacked. This time, they planned to use the Gravitron to facilitate their conquest of Earth. They were, once again, repulsed.

[The date is stated onscreen. In The Murder Game, Terri claims that everyone knows about the Cybermen from this adventure, but that no-one's heard of the 1986 invasion, which was presumably dropped from history lessons at some point.]

c. 2070

This incident caused widespread damage on Earth, mostly through earthquakes, hurricanes, and tidal waves. [One consequence of this activity] was the creation of an island in the mid-Atlantic, created by seismic shifts. This became the New Dutch Republic.

[The New Dutch Republic is mentioned in St. Anthony's Fire. Lance Parkin was the first to link these two events in his History. I reckon that the connection is too obvious to be right, but I've mentioned it anyway.]

c. 2070

Realising that the conquest of Earth was no longer a possibility, the remaining CyberFaction Cybermen left the solar system. They eventually conquered Telos and constructed vast CyberTombs in which to preserve themselves. It was widely assumed that the Cybermen had died out. The exact reason for constructing these tombs is unknown. Perhaps these Cybermen sent out groups to contact the CyberNomads, leaving a remnant in the tombs to avoid extinction. Perhaps they believed that the tombs were their only hope of survival. Perhaps it was all an elaborate trap to convert those with an interest in the CyberRace. Whatever the reason, the Cybermen remained hidden for hundreds of years.

[Tomb of the Cybermen.]

c. 2073

A decade after Doctor John Smith's visit to the UrtiCorp Project, Dr Sandra Urtiman is still obsessed with what happened during that visit.

[According to Short Trips: Companions: The Tip of the Mind page 12, this is the case for more than a decade after the story.]

c. 2073

On Earth, the political situation worsened. [The World Zones Authority began to have problems with resource distribution, causing some zones to take matters into their own hands. As the situation continued, old rivalries re-emerged.] This situation led to a stand-off between two powerful blocs: the East and the West. To make the situation even more volatile, the invention of mentally controlled Proton Missiles had made a nuclear war winnable. [The situation was further destablised by the activities of Pull Back To Earth and the first human colonisation in the solar system.] One military innovation that was to prove important in the course of this new cold war was the Seabase. Sat on ocean floors, they kept Proton Missiles safe and primed. The most interesting feature of these bases was the lighting. [In order to distract the crews from their isolation], the bases were lit almost as brightly as if it were daylight. Above these bases were Hunter-Killer naval units and roboticised Sentinel Satellite systems, which protected certain areas of inner space. Genetic manipulation and intelligent loyalty chips were used to produce better soldiers, and energy weapons were introduced.

[This is the background to Warriors of the Deep. Genetic manipulation and loyalty chips appear to have been in use during the thousand-day war (2086-2088), judging from Transit. The two blocs were only named in the novelisation.]

Late 21st Century

At this point, the Daleks are mostly scattered around the edge of Mutters' Spiral trying to build up a decent galactic powerbase. Meanwhile, those left behind on Skaro are starting to think about putting together their own little empire. This era was the "static electricity" phase of Dalek development.

[According to the Doctor on page 138 of Alien Bodies.]

2076

Humans find a cure for Ebola.

[According to the Doctor on page 32 of Only Human.]

c. 2080

Human knowledge of genetic manipulation reaches the stage at which it is possible to fuse a human and an animal.

[The Doctor says that this won't be possible on Earth for 200 years in Evolution (page 148) On the other hand, Professor Zaroff manages something similar around 1970. [He does this by operations rather than genetic fusion].]

c. 2084

WARRIORS OF THE DEEP

A group of Earth Reptiles attacked Seabase 4. They were under the authority of Icthar, the last survivor of a ruling triumvirate; and intended to use the base's proton missiles to wipe out humanity and reclaim their world. They used a Myrka to stage a diversion, whilst an elite group of Sea Devils attacked. Faced with total defeat, the humans released Hexachromite Gas, fatal to reptiles, but harmless to humans.

[The Doctor estimates that they have landed in about 2084.]

2085

The Arcturan Treaty is signed. It is the first official peaceful contact between humanity and an alien race.

[According to The Dying Days chapter 7.]

2086-2088

Meanwhile, humanity had spread throughout the Solar System with the aid of ion rockets. Mining operations had been established on moons and asteroids throughout the solar system and some people were beginning to think about colonising other worlds. On Mars, the Ice Warriors were very concerned about these developments and decided to send humanity a very big message. An asteroid later dubbed The Paris Rock destroyed the Earth City of Paris. Although intended as a warning to keep away from Mars, humanity took it as a declaration of war.

Humanity's first action was to establish a beachhead on Mars. The United Nations Third Tactical Response Brigade under Brigadier Yembe Lethbridge-Stewart, aka the Blue Berets, and the Zen Brigade were first in. These Irish and Ethiopians captured Olympus Mons with severe casualties. They then set up an interstitial tunnel, a version of T-mat, to supply huge numbers of reinforcements. The war lasted exactly a thousand days. As the war wore on, soldiers were genetically modified. They were augmented to interface more closely with their armour, and began using weapons long banned on Earth. In the end, the millions of human soldiers [apparently] drove the Martians to the brink of extinction. The Martians, however, were not destroyed. A substantial proportion of their population escaped to another solar system, probably near Arcturus. A small number remained in hiding on Mars. Victory - achieved on Constitution Day - was celebrated by planting of a forest in the Achebe Gorge on Mars, with a tree for each of the 450,000 soldiers who died in combat.

[This is background to Transit, details being mentioned throughout the book. The Martian relocation is mentioned in Legacy, though the location of their new solar system is unstated. In The Curse of Peladon, they are old enemies of Arcturus, so they probably relocated to that area. The Martians remaining on Mars are alluded to at the end of Transit and seen in Godengine. The war has been over for at least 25 years before Transit and is dated 2086-2088 in Virgin's Future History Continuity document. The Dying Days dates the war as ninety years from 1997 (chapter 5 page 9), and provides a few more details.]

c. 2087

At some point in the war, the Angel Francine is shot down and rescued by Brigadier Yembe Lethbridge-Stewart.

[According to Transit pages 38-39.]

c. 2088

A Honda Pullman train exits the Beverley Hills-Hawaii commuter line carrying 49 passengers a fraction of a second before a General Electric Go-Faster Caboose carrying 30 passengers does. The gateway compensator prevents Los Angeles from being destroyed, but all aboard both trains die horrifically.

[Just after the war, according to Transit page 83.]

c. 2088

The Stop, a settlement on Pluto, is planned at the same time as Dogface begins customising the engine known as Fat Mama. Meanwhile, Mitsubishi is built on Triton, a moon of Neptune. It begins a series of civil rights legislation, but still remains the most segregated city in the solar system.

[All of these are said to have happened 30 years before Transit on pages 63, 74, and 89 respectively. I have placed them just after the war rather than in the middle as the 30 year figure would be.]

c. 2088

The Angel Francine undertakes a brief period of data piracy and Brigadier Yembe Lethbridge-Stewart retires to the West African forest, stops taking his medication, and waits to die.

[According to Transit pages 107-108 and pages 123-124. This appears to have been just after the war.]

c. 2088

In the years after the war, human society changed dramatically. Colonisation of the entire Solar System was finally possible. Flowers had already been cultivated on Venus. Bases had been established on most of the solid planets and moons, as well as several of the larger asteroids. World Government, having had a president since well before the war, evolved into The Union of Solar Republics. This democratic government invested heavily in the Sol Transit System (STS), [apparently oblivious to the reasons for the collapse of T-mat]. This established a system of quick travel between the various inhabited worlds and continents.

The first decade after the war saw many changes in parallel with the development of STS. Paris was rebuilt, and a new settlement was built on Pluto. Named Lowell Depot, it was designed to house an expected population overspill.

The most important change, however, was a revolution in certain areas of business. [New technologies allowed] new companies from Brazil, China, and Africa such as Imbani Entertainment, Mtchali, and Tung-Po to seize almost the entire market share of companies such as IBM, Sony, and Matsui. These long-established companies went under, despite their best efforts to adapt to the new economy. [The collapse of so many Japanese multi-nationals] caused the Japanese economy to collapse, and the supply of money to the Martian Terraforming Program dried up. Meanwhile, Australia starved [due partly to a huge population boom, partly to desertification, but mostly to poverty brought on by the Japanese collapse]. Power shifted to centres such as Washington, Brasilia, Harare, Beijing, Tehran, Jacksonville, and Zagreb.

Unlike the Great Depression of the 1930's, the Recession was not worldwide. Caused as it was by the emergence of powerful companies from previously impoverished nations, it created a lot of money in those nations. [Although this might have been mostly owned by the existing elites.] Europe was brought into relative poverty, but remained comfortable. Absolute poverty became the norm in Australia and Lowell Depot, now known as The Stop.

In these poor areas, street gangs rapidly grew up. Vickers All-Body Combat Systems were equipped with the Melbourne Protocols to prevent harm to civilians. Millions fled riots through STS, and were rehoused on Mars. Security firms such as V Soc and the KGB took maximum advantage from this. In addition to this, some people practised communal marriages.

[This is the background to Transit.]

21st Century

[At some point during this century,] humanity finally discovered faster than light travel. This enabled the colonisation of several other solar systems. [These earliest ships were expensive and unreliable. Therefore,] the main thrust of exploration to the stars during this century was the Lagship. Suspended animation technology was well developed by now, and many such ships were sent out.

On the new colonies, the founding fathers were often revered by subsequent generations. Many these colonies were under the stranglehold of corporations.

[The warp drive was discovered by 2116 (The Nightmare of Eden) and production line warpships were in production by 2112 - presumably custom built ones existed earlier. Other details are a summary of information related in several television and novelised stories. Despite this, The Romance of Crime places "the first great breakout" in the early 23rd century. We can, therefore, conclude that colonisation during this period was fairly limited.]

2090

A new world called Varos was established to house the criminally insane. The colony had, however, been used for mining some time before this.

[Varos has been "stable for more than two centuries" before Vengeance on Varos (2295). It has also been a mining colony for "centuries" before that story.]

c. 2091

The Meson System was colonised.

[According to the Doctor, they've come a long way in a hundred years on Time of Your Life page 27 (2191).]

2092

The regulators on the Central Line of the Transit system are installed.

[According to Dogface in Transit (page 6) this was 25 years ago.]

Late 21st Century

A computer called JERUSALEM is built in case the Martians have left 'stay behind' units in cryogenic storage.

[This was in the aftermath of the war. Jerusalem has been dormant for 25 years before Transit page 188 (set c.2117). So it was built by 2092.]

2096

Galactic Salvage and Insurance went bust [due to the rise of the transit system].

[The Nightmare of Eden.]

2096

Acting on a request from the Angel Francine, Brigadier Yembe Lethbridge-Stewart broke into IMOGEN's Ubersoldaten project, intending to destroy all of the 'second-generation' genetically engineered superwarriors. However, he couldn't bring himself to kill the first of these - a three-month old girl - and so took her home, naming her Kadiatu. He destroyed all the equipment and records used by the project. Francine then bought out the company, ensuring that the project would never be restarted.

[According to Transit. This was 'eight years later' than Francine's data stealing career (page 108). It is 21 years before Transit (page 111).]

2097

Credit Card joins the Transit system's staff.

[He's spent twenty years making himself indispensable according to Ming on Transit page 99.]

c. 2100

The ship New Hope leaves to colonise the planet Agora.

[Killing Ground.]

c. 2100

Lord Grayvorn escapes from his imprisonment as a psychic recording in the stones of the Excelis Library, and begins trying to push the history of Excelis in the direction he wants it to go.

[In Excelis Decays, Grayvorn/Sutton mentions that the inner party has had 200 years to build society to where it is. The Doctor's opinion that the Excelis State was founded about 150 years ago suggests that this date was when Grayvorn escaped from his imprisonment.]

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